This case study examines how diamonds and timber were exploited to fund military activity and sustain conflict during Liberia’s two civil wars. The case of Liberia is also used to demonstrate how violence related to natural resources can expand across borders if left unchecked. The chapter sheds light on the complicity of outside actors during this time to underline the need for regional and international cooperation around combatting conflict resources. It concludes with an overview of the challenges and opportunities presented by high-value natural resources during Liberia’s post-conflict peacebuilding process.
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