This chapter explores the different approaches for participatory methods to design sustainable development solutions. There are three types of participatory methods: cosmetic, utilitarian, and empowerment, the latter of which is the most likely to get real and successful results. The empowerment method engages local people from the outset, and since those people are likely to last beyond the lifetime of the project, it will yield will more long-term and efficient results. These projects are often also less cost-intensive because labor is local, and if timed right and communicated about well, attract large numbers of participants. Timeliness is important, as well as having clear outcomes and clear conclusions. Trust must be built, and specifics of the community must be taken into consideration, such as literacy. There have be indicators of success and concrete actions, as well as methods of evaluation.
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