This chapter explores the dynamic nature of gender and intangible cultural heritage. It shows that the practice of intangible cultural heritage involves, in many cases, gender-specific roles, which are, however, not static, but may change over time, often influenced by changing gender norms in a society. Learners explore how gender roles in intangible cultural heritage transmission have changed over time and learn about a diversity of gender concepts that underlie different intangible cultural heritage elements. The importance of understanding gender roles for establishing effective safeguarding measures is highlighted. The chapter furthermore clarifies how communities’ constant negotiations about gender roles and about safeguarding their heritage can open opportunities to move towards overcoming gender-based discrimination in and through the practice of intangible cultural heritage.
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