This chapter focuses on three of the main targets of SDG 15, which are to halt deforestation and ecosystem degradation, promote sustainable management of both terrestrial ecosystems and inland freshwater ecosystems, and secure fair and equitable benefit sharing, especially for the poor. Deforestation peaked in 2003, and there has been a sharp reduction since the onset of the program called the Green Free Trade Zone (Zone Franca Verde). People have to see the first worth more as standing than cut and the processes for sustainable forest management must be simplified and organized. Benefit sharing mechanisms are very important because they political empower the sectors of society that live in forests that suffer a power deficit. Measurable indicators of success are important for management of these policies to assess efficacy. Councils composed of civil society members are integral to empowering communities and managing systems. External evaluations hold accountable the process as well as provide recommendations for improvement. The last important tool is an annual report for clarity of communication.