Dr. Helal discusses rice waste management and making use of the waste material into value-added products. He first gives some points to consider: is the waste material available only seasonally? Is it a physical or chemical substance? There are three waste materials that come from rice crops: rice straw, rice husk, and rice bran. There are different uses and seasons for the harvesting of each of these waste materials; rice straw and rice husk have one direction of innovation, and rice bran another, but both have funding from Europe and Egypt. White rice straw and rice husk was used to develop natural fiber plastic composite as an alternative for wood and using biochar. Rice bran is a very nutritious material, so it was used to make Riceplex, rice bran extract, which was made into soft gel capsules called Riza, which are sold on the market, as well as other products that are marketed as protecting from Alzheimer’s and dementia. This chapter is part of Module 8: How to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) in the Mediterranean – The Way Forward IV. Reducing Food Waste and Enhancing By-Product Innovations.
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