In this chapter, Juraj Balkovic discusses global crop models and their potential to assess mitigation options in agriculture. Agriculture produces a lot of greenhouse gases and contributes to climate change, and Professor Balkovic talks about improved tillage and residue management as mitigation options for the agricultural sector. The EPIC global crop model can be used to understand the interactions between crop growth and the environment, as well as the biophysical essence of processes in the soil and the weather, but state-of-the-art and beyond-state-of-the-art approaches also must be used to make projections and simulations for the future. Global crop models should have pathways representing different options in our tillage and residue management, if we want to account for these mitigation options in the future. Professor Balkovic gives examples of a few projects.
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